Error reporter

Error reporter

VineJS uses error reporters to collect errors during the validation lifecycle. A reporter decides the formatting of errors you will get after the validate method call.

By default, VineJS uses the SimpleErrorReporter and exposes an API to create and register custom error reporters.

The SimpleErrorReporter

The SimpleErrorReporter reporter is configured as the default error reporter; hence you do not have to configure it manually. The error reporter returns an array of messages with the following properties.

import vine, { errors } from '@vinejs/vine'
try {
const validate = vine.compile(schema)
const output = await validate({ data })
} catch (error) {
if (error instanceof errors.E_VALIDATION_ERROR) {
// array created by SimpleErrorReporter
  • field - The name of the field under validation. Nested fields are represented with a dot notation. For example:
  • message - Error message.
  • rule - The rule that reported the error.
  • index? - Array element index for which the validation failed.
  • meta? - Optional meta-data set by the validation rule when reporting the error.

Creating a custom error reporter

An error reporter is represented as a class and must implement the ErrorReporterContract interface.

  • The hasError flag is used to find if the VineJS validation pipeline has reported one or more errors. You must set its value to true inside the report method.

  • VineJS call the report method to report an error. The method receives the following arguments.

    • The validation error message
    • The name of the rule
    • Current field's context
    • And an optional meta-data to associate with the error. The meta-data is passed by the validation rules at the time of reporting the error.
  • The createError method must return an instance of ValidationError class and pass it the error messages.

import { errors } from '@vinejs/vine'
import {
} from '@vinejs/vine/types'
export class JSONAPIErrorReporter implements ErrorReporterContract {
* A flag to know if one or more errors have been
* reported
hasErrors: boolean = false
* A collection of errors. Feel free to give accurate types
* to this property
errors: any[] = []
* VineJS call the report method
message: string,
rule: string,
field: FieldContext,
meta?: any
) {
this.hasErrors = true
* Collecting errors as per the JSONAPI spec
code: rule,
detail: message,
source: {
pointer: field.wildCardPath
...(meta ? { meta } : {})
* Creates and returns an instance of the
* ValidationError class
createError() {
return new errors.E_VALIDATION_ERROR(this.errors)

Registering the error reporter

The error reporter can be defined globally, at the per-schema level, or when executing the validate method.

Since VineJS creates a fresh instance of errorReporter for each validation cycle, you must register a factory function that returns an instance of the error reporter.

Configure globally
import vine from '@vinejs/vine'
vine.errorReporter = () => new JSONAPIErrorReporter()
Per schema level
import vine from '@vinejs/vine'
const validator = vine.compile(
validator.errorReporter = () => new JSONAPIErrorReporter()
During validation call
import vine from '@vinejs/vine'
const validator = vine.compile(
validator.validate(data, {
errorReporter: () => new JSONAPIErrorReporter()